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Europe

Belgium

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Employer of Record (EOR) in Belgium

What you'll learn

  • Country Introduction
  • Tax Breakdown for Employers
  • Statutory Leave Laws
  • Minimum Wage and Working Hours
  • Termination Process
  • Additional Information
Belgium Introduction

Belgium (officially the Kingdom of Belgium) is a small country in Northwestern Europe, bordered by the Netherlands, Germany, Luxembourg, and France. Belgium has a strongly globalized economy and its transport infrastructure is integrated with the rest of the European continent. Belgian law provides employees with a wide range of benefits, including annual leave allowances, workplace injury insurance, and unemployment benefits.

Paid Leave and Statutory Leave

Parental Leave

Maternity leave for Belgian employees lasts 15 weeks. Pregnant employees must take a minimum of 1 week of leave before the expected due date but they can take up to 6 weeks of leave before the due date. After that they need to take a mandatory 9 weeks of leave starting from the date of the birth. For multiple births there are an additional 2 weeks of leave.

Belgium’s Health Insurance Fund pays for maternity leave, paying 82% of the salary for the first 30 days and 75% of the salary for the rest of the leave. Paternity Leave in Belgium is 15 days that can be taken separately or continuously. The employer pays the first 3 days of the leave and the rest is paid by the Health Insurance Fund at 82% of the regular salary.

Sick Leave

Belgian employees are entitled to sick leave. The employer pays for the first 30 days of sick leave, and any sick leave past 30 days is paid by the Health Insurance Fund.

Paid Leave

There are 10 public holidays in Belgium, and paid time off entitlements are granted at the beginning of the year and are dependent on how many days a week the employee works. Employees with a 5-day work week receive 20 days of paid time off, and employees with 6-day work weeks receive 25 days.

Employees in Belgium may be allowed to take additional types of leave if approved by the employer. Other types of leave include: family care, jury duty, bereavement, and marriage.

Wage Requirements and Working Hours

In Belgium there is a guaranteed average minimum monthly income, and an absolute minimal income set at the national level. The guaranteed average minimum monthly income is currently 1,842 EUR per month for employees over 18 years of age.

The standard working week in Belgium is 38 hours, and anything over this is considered overtime and must be paid at 150% of the salary (200% if the work occurs on a Sunday or public holiday).

For some sectors, the maximum working time per day/week may be lower or higher based on a collective bargaining agreements and the terms of the work.

Termination Process

Process

Employers can terminate an employment contract after 6 months provided that there are fair grounds for dismissal (before an employee has completed 6 months notice is not necessary). Fair grounds include employee misconduct, incapability to perform work, redundancy, and other substantial reasons. Employees dismissed for just cause, and also resigned employees, will not be entitled to unemployment benefits immediately.

Notice Period

The termination notice period in Belgium varies based on the length of employment at the company:

  • 0-3 months = 2 weeks notice
  • 3-6 months = 4 weeks notice
  • 6-9 months = 6 weeks notice
  • 9-12 months = 7 weeks notice
  • 12-15 months = 8 weeks notice
  • 15-18 months = 9 weeks notice
  • 18-21 months = 10 weeks notice
  • 21-24 months = 11 weeks notice
  • 2-3 years = 12 weeks notice
  • 3-4 years = 13 weeks notice
  • 4-5 years = 15 weeks notice
  • 5-19 years = 60 weeks notice plus 3 weeks for every year exceeding 5 years
  • 20+ years = 62 weeks notice plus 1 week for every year of employment

Severance Pay

Severance pay only applies in Belgium when an employee has been terminated without notice, in which case the severance pay would be equal to the amount the employee would have earned if they had received notice. An employer can choose to terminate an employment contract with a given notice period, or terminate the contract immediately with payment in lieu of notice. A combination of both is also possible.

Additional Information

Most employers pay a 13th-month bonus to their employees, typically at the end of the year. Some employers also add half of a 14th month’s salary. For the first and last year of employment this bonus is prorated to the amount of time the employee worked at the company that year.

OVERVIEW
Language(s):
Dutch, French, German
Currency:
Euro (EUR)
Capital City:
Brussels
Population:
11.6 Million
Cost of Living Rank:
27th
VAT (Valued Added Tax):
21%
Employer TaxES
25%
(estimated)

★  25% - Social Security

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1

Remote candidate

You've sourced a full-time employee or contractor located in a country where your company is not incorporated.

2

Cost Calculation

Pass us the details of your candidate and we will let you know exactly what it costs to employ your candidate in that country.

3

Onboarding & Admin

Sit back and relax as we onboard your new team member and take care of all the local compliances and admin work.

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How Remofirst employs in Belgium

It can be prohibitively expensive to establish an entity in every country you want to hire talent in, so Remofirst will hire and pay your employee on your behalf while you manage their daily duties. Remofirst will handle formal HR procedures and employment contracts that adhere to local laws, so that you can simply approve invoices via our platform. When you work with an Employer of Record (EOR) you can compliantly hire the best employees around the world.

How employees in Belgium get paid
Your employee's hours, time off, holidays, bonuses, and commissions are automatically calculated into payroll. Remofirst will invoice you in either US Dollars (USD), Euros (EUR), British Pounds (GBP), Canadian Dollars (CAD), or Singapore Dollars (SGD) around the 15th of each month to make sure your employees in Belgium are paid on time in Euro (EUR). To make it even easier, you can summarize your entire global team's salaries to aggregate them into one payment (instead of many individual payments).
Full-time Employees vs Global Contractors

Unlike full-time employees, contractors work on projects with multiple companies at a given time and are technically self-employed. Full-time employees are solely focused on their employer and usually receive benefits (such as health insurance, equity or stock options, and time off) as an additional form of compensation. While it can be cheaper to work with international contractors instead of paying benefits to a full-time employee, you run the risk of misclassification. It's recommended to work with an EOR for contractor onboarding and payments, so you can know that your international contractors are paid compliantly and on time.

Dependable support for employees
Whenever the employee or employer has a question about benefits, Visas, or anything else related to international employment in Belgium, they can use our platform's chat function to get answers from our team of experts. Every client of Remofirst also receives a dedicated account manager that will serve as a point of contact for global HR support.