Bulgaria is a country in Eastern Europe and part of the Balkans, neighbors include Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, and the Black Sea. Bulgaria is considered a developing country with an upper-middle-income economy. The worker-employer relationship is governed by the Bulgarian Labour Code, regardless of nationality.
Standard working hours are 40 hours per week and 8 hours per day. Overtime is allowed at a maximum of 3 hours per day and 6 hours per week, and is paid at 150% of the regular rate. Work during the weekend is paid at 175% of the regular rate and for public holidays it’s 200%.
The general minimum wage in Bulgaria is BGN 833 per month.
The maximum probation period length in Bulgaria is 6 months.
By law an employee in Bulgaria should take at least 20 days of paid leave per year. Annual leave is pro-rated in the first year of employment (20 days / 12 = 1.8 days per month).
Employees in Bulgaria can take sick leave for up to 18 months. The first 2 days are paid by the employer at 70% of the employee's salary, and the rest is paid by social security at 80%-90% of the salary.
Employees in Bulgaria are entitled to 365 days of maternity leave paid by the state, which can be extended for a 2 year leave (pay is reduced in the second year).
Employees in Bulgaria are entitled to a fixed 14 days of paternity leave paid by the employer.
There are multiple types of termination in Bulgaria:
1. Mutual ground - agreed by both sides
2. Termination by the will of the employer - depends of the reason/ground for termination
The minimum notice period outside of probation is 1 month. During probation, no notice period is required.
While there is no statutory severance pay requirement, employees who are terminated due to redundancy should receive payment equal to 1 month salary in the case of individual or collective dismissal. If the termination is without cause, the severance payment is commonly 4 months salary.
Bulgaria does not require a 13th-month bonus to be paid out, but it is common for employers to offer based on their own internal rules.
★ 8.22% - Social Security
★ 2.8% - Pension
★ 2.1% - Sickness and Maternity
★ 0.6% - Unemployment Insurance
★ 4.8% - Health Insurance
★ 0.5% - Accident Insurance
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