Kazakhstan is a transcontinental landlocked country located in Central Asia and partly in Eastern Europe. It is the world’s largest landlocked country, bordered by Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan. The country’s capital of Nur-Sultan was formerly known as Astana until 2019. Kazakhstan generates 60% of Central Asia’s GDP, and has a democratic, secular, constitutional republic.
The minimum wage in Kazakhstan is KZT 60,000 per month, and a full workweek is 40 hours. Overtime generally must be agreed on in writing by the employer and employee, and cannot exceed 2 hours per day and 12 hours per month. Overtime is paid at 150% of the regular salary.
Pregnant employees are entitled to 126 days of paid maternity leave, of which usually 70 days are taken before the due date, and 56 after the birth. If the mother lives in an area where nuclear tests have been performed, their maternity leave increases to 160 days (usually split as 90 days before the due date and 70 after the birth). Maternity leave is paid by the employer at 100% of the regular salary.
Employees in Kazakhstan are entitled to 3 days of paid sick leave each year, which can increase to 6 days for severe illnesses.
Kazakhstan has 19 public holidays, and employees are also entitled to a minimum of 24 days of paid time off each year (employees working in harmful conditions can take extra vacation days). Employees can also receive unpaid leave for Marriage, Bereavement, and exceptional circumstances.
Employers can terminate employment contracts for reasons related to business, personal, or misconduct. Terminations require written notice and explanation for the dismissal, and if the reason is misconduct the employer need to give a warning and the employee needs a chance to explain their actions.
The statutory notice period for terminations is 1 month, and payment can be given in lieu of notice.
There are no provisions in the law for severance pay.
★ 3.5% - Social Insurance
★ 3% - Medical Insurance (OMIC)
★ 9.5% - Social Tax
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