Kenya is a country in eastern Africa bordered by South Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Tanzania, and the Indian Ocean. The country is famous for its wildlife reserves and scenic landscapes, containing snow-capped mountaintops, vast forests, fertile agricultural regions, arid and semi-arid areas, and absolute deserts. Kenya's economy is the largest in central and eastern Africa, with Nairobi the capitol of Nairobi serving as a major commercial hub.
Kenya doesn't have one standard minimum wage, but several scales depending on a person’s job, skill, and where they work. It’s usually around KES 15,200 per month. The standard workweek is 40 hours with a maximum of 12 hours of overtime per week (52 hours total). Overtime is paid at 150% of regular salary.
Pregnant employees are entitled to 91 days of paid maternity at 100% of their regular salary, and fathers are entitled to 2 weeks of paid paternity leave. Parents who are getting ready to adopt a child are also eligible for 1 month of Pre-adoptive Leave at their full pay.
Employees who have worked 2 months at their companies have the right to 14 days of sick leave each year. The first 7 days are paid at 100% of the salary and days 8-14 are paid at 50% of the salary.
There are 13 public holidays in Kenya, and employees are entitled to at least 21 days of paid time off after completing 1 year at their company. Employees can also take Compassionate Leave in cases of bereavement, hospitalization of dependents, etc.
If the employer is considering termination due to misconduct, performance, or incapacity, the employer first has to conduct a hearing where the employee has a right to a representative. After the hearing employers must provide a termination letter with justifications.
There is no notice required if the employee receives wages on a daily basis, but employers must give a 28-day notice if the employee is paid monthly. Employers can choose to give payment in lieu of notice.
Unless the employee is terminated due to redundancy, there is no legal provision for severance payments. In cases of redundancy, the severance payment due is equal to 15 days of wages for each year of employment at the company.
★ 1.5% - National Housing Development Fund
★ 6% - National Housing Development Fund
★ KES 50 - National Industrial Training Levy
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Unlike full-time employees, contractors work on projects with multiple companies at a given time and are technically self-employed. Full-time employees are solely focused on their employer and usually receive benefits (such as health insurance, equity or stock options, and time off) as an additional form of compensation. While it can be cheaper to work with international contractors instead of paying benefits to a full-time employee, you run the risk of misclassification. It's recommended to work with an EOR for contractor onboarding and payments, so you can know that your international contractors are paid compliantly and on time.