Mauritania is a country in northwest Africa bordered by Algeria, Mali, Senegal, the Sahara, and the Atlantic Ocean. About 90% of the country is situated in the Sahara and is rich in natural resources.
Pregnant employees are entitled to 14 weeks of paid maternity leave, of which 8 weeks need to be taken after the birth. Mothers can also take 1 extra day of paid time off each year for each child they have under the age of 14. There is no statutory paternity leave for fathers.
The amount of sick leave entitled will vary based on the employment contract.
There are 8 public holidays in Mauritania, and employees are entitled to paid time off which accrues at 1.5 days per month. The leave amount increases after 10, 15, and 20 years. Employees can also receive 10 days of unpaid family leave in the event of an emergency.
The minimum wage in Mauritania is MRU 3,000 per month (30,000 Old Ouguiyas per month). The standard workweek is 40 hours at 8 hours per week. Overtime pay is governed by collective bargaining agreements.
Indefinite employment contracts can be terminated by either party at will, as long as there is written notice detailing the reasons for termination. After the decision is made, the employee has at least 48 hours to explain why their contract should not be terminated.
Notice periods are set by the employment contracts or collective bargaining agreements.
There are no provisions in Mauritanian law regarding severance payment.
★ 3% - Social Security
★ 2% - Medical Insurance
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Unlike full-time employees, contractors work on projects with multiple companies at a given time and are technically self-employed. Full-time employees are solely focused on their employer and usually receive benefits (such as health insurance, equity or stock options, and time off) as an additional form of compensation. While it can be cheaper to work with international contractors instead of paying benefits to a full-time employee, you run the risk of misclassification. It's recommended to work with an EOR for contractor onboarding and payments, so you can know that your international contractors are paid compliantly and on time.