North Macedonia is a landlocked country in Europe, bordered by Kosovo, Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece, and Albania. The country used to be known simply as “Macedonia” until 2019 when it became “North Macedonia”. The use of the country name had been disputed with Greece from 1991-2019, due to ambiguity in nomenclature between the Republic of Macedonia, the adjacent Greek region of Macedonia, and the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon.
Pregnant employees who have worked at least 6 consecutive months are entitled to 9 months of paid maternity leave (15 months for twins/triplets). The leave is paid at 100% of the average salary by Social Security.
Employees with a partner who has finished the 45 initial days of maternity leave can take 7 working days of paid paternity leave, paid at the full salary by Social Security.
Mothers can also take up to 3 months of unpaid parental leave before their child is turns 3 years old.
Employees can receive paid sick leave for up to 30 days, which is paid at different rates depending on how long the leave is.
There are 13 public holidays in North Macedonia, and employees are entitled to at least 20 days of paid time off each year, increasing by 1 day every 5 years up to 26 days total. At least part of this leave must be taken in a stretch of 2 weeks. Employees can also qualify for leave in cases of marriage, bereavement, or military leave.
The minimum wage is MKD 18,000 MKD per month, and a standard workweek is 40 hours at 8 hours per day. Overtime work has a maximum of 190 hours per year, and is paid at between 135%-150% of the regular rate.
There is no at-will termination for employers, and terminations of employment contracts must be done with just cause.
The minimum notice period in North Macedonia is 30 days, and up to 90 days depending on the employment contract’s terms.
Any employees who are made redundant can receive severance pay, the amount of which depends on the length of service at the company:
It is common to pay a 13th-month salary bonus in North Macedonia. Additionally, any employee who works 150+ hours of overtime per year, and has less than 21 days of absence, is due a mandatory bonus equal to 1 month of average national wages.
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Unlike full-time employees, contractors work on projects with multiple companies at a given time and are technically self-employed. Full-time employees are solely focused on their employer and usually receive benefits (such as health insurance, equity or stock options, and time off) as an additional form of compensation. While it can be cheaper to work with international contractors instead of paying benefits to a full-time employee, you run the risk of misclassification. It's recommended to work with an EOR for contractor onboarding and payments, so you can know that your international contractors are paid compliantly and on time.