Poland is a country in central Europe, bordered by Lithuania, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and Germany. The country has very high standards of living, safety, and economic freedom, as well as free university education and a universal health care system. Poland's diverse territory extends from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Sudeten and Carpathian Mountains in the south.
Contracts can be part-time or full-time.
A standard workweek in Poland is 40 hours at 8 hours per day. Overtime rules depend on the employee's profession, but are usually a maximum of 150 hours per year (paid at 150%-200% of the regular rate).
The minimum wage in Poland is 3,600 PLN as of July 2023.
In Poland, probation periods are managed using a separate contract and can be a maximum of 3 months in length. Probation contracts tend to have the same terms as indefinite or fixed term contracts.
To start work, employees in Poland must complete a medical check, with a process as follows:
Employees must complete Health and Occupation training within the first 3 months of employment, organized by the employer - this is normally first aid training or similar.
Employees in Poland are taxed at 17% for income up to PLN 120,000, and 32% for income over that amount. Employees also contribute 9% to health insurance.
Employers contribute 21.5% of the employee's gross salary for social security (Pension, disability, etc).
Additionally, before employment starts, the following one-off costs apply.
Employees in Poland are entitled to a minimum of 21 days of annual leave. After completing 10 years of service, employees are entitled to a minimum of 26 days. Annual leave entitlements are calculated pro-rata for the first year of employment.
In general, employees in Poland are entitled to receive full pay for the first 14 days of sick leave, after which the minimum amount of sick pay is reduced to 50% of their regular wages. This reduced pay rate applies for the next 180 days of sick leave, after which employees are no longer entitled to receive sick pay.
In addition to sick pay, employees are also entitled to certain protections from the employer while they are on sick leave. For example, the employer is not allowed to terminate the employment or discriminate against the employee because of their illness or injury.
An employee is entitled to maternity leave for:
The leave is paid by social security at 100% of the salary, and employees need to take at least 14 weeks of leave after the birth.
Fathers have the right to 2 weeks of paternity leave that can be taken before their child reaches the age of 24 months. It may be taken all at once or in two parts; each period must be a minimum of 1 week in duration.
Medical insurance is not usually provided by employers in Poland - employees are covered by the state insurance.
Employees can choose to opt-out from pension contributions.
The termination process depends on the employment contract or Collective Agreement in place, and the reason for termination.
The notice period for termination depends on the employee’s length of service at the company:
Employers may terminate an employment contract with no notice in the event of:
Severance payments are also dependent on the employee’s length of service at the company:
★ 9.76% - Retirement Pension
★ 6.5% - Pension Fund
★ 0.67%-3.33% - Disability
★ 2.45% - Labor Fund
★ 0.1% - Guaranteed Employee Benefits Fund
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