Asia

Turkey

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Employer of Record (EOR) in Turkey

What you'll learn

  • Country Introduction
  • Employment Terms
  • Minimum Wage and Working Hours
  • Statutory Leave Laws
  • Termination Process
  • Additional Information
Turkey Introduction

Turkey is a transcontinental country that is located mainly on the Anatolian Peninsula in western Asia (and a small portion on the Balkan Peninsula in southeast Europe). The country is bordered by Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Greece, and Bulgaria. Turkey is a newly industrialized country, with one of the emerging and growth-leading economies in the world — it has a rich cultural legacy shaped by centuries of history and is one of the most visited countries in the world.

Employment Terms

Types of Contracts

  • Indefinite
  • Fixed Term: approximately 1-year maximum though not strictly defined in law, and can only be renewed once - after 2 years, automatically converts to an indefinite contract
  • Part-time work is possible.

Job Title Restrictions

In general, C-suite (CEO, CFO) titles are not possible through the Employer of Record (EOR) model, please get in touch for more info.

Working Hours

The maximum number of working hours in Turkey are 45 hours a week.

Overtime

Overtime is paid at 1.5 times the employee’s normal hourly rate, up to a maximum of 270 hours in a year.

Alternatively, employees can take the equivalent time off in lieu, at 1.5 times the number of hours worked.

Minimum Wage

The minimum wage in Turkey is currently TRY 13,414.00, and tends to increase every January.

Probation Period

There is a minimum of 2 months’ probation in Turkey.

Taxes & Local Employment Costs

Employee Taxes & Contributions

Employees pay income tax on a progressive scale, from 15% to 40% - see here for the tax bands.

Additionally, employees need to make the following contributions:

  • Disablement, Senescence and Burial Insurances: 9%
  • General Health Insurance: 5%
  • Unemployment Insurance: 1%

Employer Taxes & Contributions

Employers need to make the following contributions:

  • Disablement, Senescence and Burial Insurances: 11%
  • Short-Term Insurance Branches: 2%
  • General Health Insurance: 7.5%
  • Unemployment Insurance: 2%

Types of Leave

Annual Leave

Employees are entitled to a minimum annual leave based on their length of service.

  • 1-5 years = 14 days of paid time off
  • 6-14 years = 20 days of paid time off
  • 15+ years = 26 days of paid time off

There are no statutory rules governing the rollover of unused leave, so employers must ensure to include agreements governing this in their contracts with employees.

Sick Leave

The government funds cover sick leave starting from day 3, up to a maximum of 260 days. It’s common for employers to pay for the first 2 days of sick leave.

Maternity Leave

Employees are entitled to 16 weeks of maternity leave, with 8 weeks to be taken before the birth and 8 weeks after. In the case of multiple births, the pre-birth leave period is set as 10 weeks. In the case of premature birth, unused maternity leave days before the birth can be used after the birth.

Paternity Leave

Employees are entitled to 5 days of paternity leave following the birth of their child.

Public Holidays

There are 16 paid public holidays in Turkey as of 2023.

Benefits

Employers in Turkey can typically offer the following benefits:

  • Private Health Insurance
  • Meal Allowance
  • Car Allowance
  • Home Office Allowance

Termination Process

Notice Period

The minimum notice period in Turkey is based on the employee’s length of service with the company:

  • Up to 6 months: 2 weeks notice
  • Between 6 months and 1.5 years: 4 weeks notice
  • Between 1.5 years and 3 years: 6 weeks notice
  • 3 years and above: 8 weeks notice

Statutory Payments

Employees with at least 1 year of service are entitled to severance pay equal to one month’s gross salary per year of service, including allowances.

Additional Information

N/A

OVERVIEW
Language(s):
Turkish
Currency:
Turkish Lira (TRY)
Capital City:
Ankara
Population:
85.3 Million
Cost of Living Rank:
121st
VAT (Valued Added Tax):
18%
Employer TaxES
22.5%
(estimated)

★  11% - Disablement, Senescence and Burial Insurances

★  2% - Short Term Insurance

★  7.5% - General Health Insurance

★  2% - Unemployment Insurance

Get Started in 3 Steps

1

Remote candidate

You've sourced a full-time employee or contractor located in a country where your company is not incorporated.

2

Cost Calculation

Pass us the details of your candidate and we will let you know exactly what it costs to employ your candidate in that country.

3

Onboarding & Admin

Sit back and relax as we onboard your new team member and take care of all the local compliances and admin work.

Same-day onboarding
Best Pricing
Available in 180+ countries
How Remofirst employs in Turkey

It can be prohibitively expensive to establish an entity in every country you want to hire talent in, so Remofirst will hire and pay your employee on your behalf while you manage their daily duties. Remofirst will handle formal HR procedures and employment contracts that adhere to local laws, so that you can simply approve invoices via our platform. When you work with an Employer of Record (EOR) you can compliantly hire the best employees around the world.

How employees in Turkey get paid
Your employee's hours, time off, holidays, bonuses, and commissions are automatically calculated into payroll. Remofirst will invoice you in either US Dollars (USD), Euros (EUR), British Pounds (GBP), Canadian Dollars (CAD), or Singapore Dollars (SGD) around the 15th of each month to make sure your employees in Turkey are paid on time in Turkish Lira (TRY). To make it even easier, you can summarize your entire global team's salaries to aggregate them into one payment (instead of many individual payments).
Full-time Employees vs Global Contractors

Unlike full-time employees, contractors work on projects with multiple companies at a given time and are technically self-employed. Full-time employees are solely focused on their employer and usually receive benefits (such as health insurance, equity or stock options, and time off) as an additional form of compensation. While it can be cheaper to work with international contractors instead of paying benefits to a full-time employee, you run the risk of misclassification. It's recommended to work with an EOR for contractor onboarding and payments, so you can know that your international contractors are paid compliantly and on time.

Dependable support for employees
Whenever the employee or employer has a question about benefits, Visas, or anything else related to international employment in Turkey, they can use our platform's chat function to get answers from our team of experts. Every client of Remofirst also receives a dedicated account manager that will serve as a point of contact for global HR support.